Engineering

General Engineering Disciplines:  Engineering disciplines associated with the treatment and handling of water and wastewater, typically fall under one of the following areas:

  • Civil, Municipal, Environmental, Chemical, or Biological

Other related Engineering disciplines include:  Manufacturing, Industrial, Mechanical, Electrical, Structural, Geotechnical, Hydrogeology, Transportation, Mining, Petroleum, Agriculture, and Forestry
Sectors of Employment: the two major sectors of employment within the water industry are the Public and Private Sectors.
The Industries of Employment include: Construction of Facilities, Consulting, Education, Environment/Public Safety, Manufacturing & Processing, Resource Industry, Support Services and Utilities
Main Job Functions include:


Corporate Management– In many situations engineering graduates move through positions of front-line, middle and upper management positions in both the public and private sectors. Although in the first few years ones responsibilities are generally quite technical in nature as the individual continues to gain experience their responsibilities take on more of a role of coordinating and/or of directing staff. Duties include:

  • Set direction for the company through leading the development of Strategic Plans, and related Business Plans
  • Provide organizational leadership direction for the company making decisions on resource allocations of money, people, and time
  • Delegate management functions such as scheduling, project planning details, and so on


Marketing/Sales Engineer – Employed by an equipment supply company. Responsibilities include:

  • Responsible for business development and sales of equipment and products
  • Provides design engineers and owners with information on equipment and products
  • Provides or arranges for training of owner’s staff on supplied equipment
  • Assists with start-up and commissioning of equipment and processes


Education Engineer – Employed by educational institutions at a post- secondary level. Duties may include:

  • Responsible for the teaching of knowledge and principles related to the professional practice of engineering as well as testing to confirm the associated understanding
  • Provides the education necessary for becoming an engineer and any advanced education and specialization that may follow


Project Management – Generally employed by a consulting firm or municipality. Duties include:

  • Coordinates the efforts of team members and third-party contractors or consultants in order to deliver projects according to plan.
  • Responsible to plan, acquire resources, execute, and finalize projects according to deadlines agreed upon and within the allotted budget.
  • Defines the project’s objectives and oversee quality control throughout its life cycle.


Operations Management – Generally employed by a municipality or production/manufacturing plant, has overall responsibility for operation and maintenance of existing infrastructure. Duties include:

  • The Operations Manager is responsible for the day-to-day workings of an organization or group.
  • Sets strategic direction and leadership for the overall administrative operations
  • Responsible for all aspects of Purchasing, Planning, Production, Industrial Engineering, Maintenance, Quality Management, Shipping, Receiving, Budgeting and Inventory management functions.
  • Manages the development and directions of the operational team to drive the efficiency of the operation and promote high quality customer satisfaction
  • Ensuring the integration of strategic plans with company operations.


Regulatory Approvals and/or Enforcement Engineer – Works for a governmental agency. Duties may include:

  • Responsible for maintaining and updating regulatory requirements including compliance monitoring and enforcement.
  • Meeting with municipalities / industrial owners to discuss regulatory issues / concerns.
  • Developing and issuing operating approvals to owners.
  • Researching and developing regulatory standards and guidelines to be used by owners.
  • Investigating operators / owners for non-compliance issues, and issuing instructions for resumption of services

Operations/Process or Maintenance Engineer – Typically works in a water or wastewater treatment plant setting or can also include Industrial or Manufacturing processes. Duties may include:

  • Maintaining effective production processes including treatment, optimizing treatment processes, and ensuring compliance with regulatory limits.
  • Evaluating existing treatment processes / systems, and looking for ways to make them more effective or economical.
  • Evaluating and making recommendations for operating and capital upgrade projects; administrating and implementing upgrades that are approved.
  • Ensuring that regulatory objectives are met and that public health and safety are not compromised.
  • Daily interaction with field staff regarding operational or maintenance issues. May be called upon to make quick field decisions when problems occur which may affect the ability to provide services to customers.


Research/Planning Engineer – General responsibilities include the investigation, development and evaluation of new processes and equipment for use in their industry, in response to an assigned goal or to solve a specific problem. Duties may include the following:

  • Conduct research to come up with a solution or response to a need, in many cases working on the design of innovative technology within the specific industry such as water.
  • Test processes or equipment, and therefore are commonly involved in the construction of the facilities required to test designs and processes.
  • Evaluate the results to ensure they are collected correctly and fairly. The engineer will supervise the collection of data and then statistically evaluate the data. Following the evaluation of any test, the engineer will prepare a report or bulletin to inform others of the results of the research.
  • Generally work as part of a team in support of operations within the workplace giving technical guidance to workers, as in a manufacturing plant to improve the efficiency of the plant.


Construction / Project Administration Engineer – General responsibilities include the following:

  • Coordinates, prepares and distributes the final detailed construction schedule in conjunction with Project Engineer and Project Manager. Reviews schedule with critical sub-trades, obtains input, and updates the schedule as required and monitors progress on a regular basis.
  • Attends site meetings with Owner and consultants as required by the Construction Manager. If required, prepare and distribute minutes of these meetings
  • Identifies/develops and administers the agreed procedures for Revisions, Requests for Quotations, Quotation Submissions, Change Orders and proper documentation of all changes on the project
  • Assist the Project Manager in the preparation of quarterly project projections and the preparation and processing of progress claims and co-ordination of these with Project Engineer and the accounting office.
  • Ensure that documentation for as-builts and manuals is being maintained by all trades. Assembles and transmits all materials for finalization of project close out requirements


Design Engineer – Responsible for design of infrastructure, including water treatment plants, wastewater treatment plants, water distribution systems, sanitary systems, or stormwater collection and treatment systems. The design engineer has the following duties:

  • Conceptual stage project planning, through to the detailed design and commissioning of completed facilities.
  • Performs detailed calculations in areas such as hydraulic profiles, fluid mechanics, rotating equipment, chemical systems, electrical supply, instrumentation and control.
  • Production of Issued for construction drawings and specifications, tendering and contract administration.
  • May be directly employed by an owner, or by an independent consultant.


Inspection/Quality Control or Resident Engineer – These services can be provided by the design engineering group or by the owner. Duties may include

  • Monitor project progress for conformance with contract documents and design intent.
  • Prepares reports about the job progress and the actions of the workforce
  • May alter the project plan in the field if required, however large scale alterations normally require the approval of the higher authorities before implementation
  • Carry out quality assurance tests to monitor products and material for compliance with the standards set out in the specifications of the construction contract
  • Ensure that all building materials and equipment used on a particular project meet the specifications of the contract and the related approved shop drawings
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